These are the Eye Problems More People Get
Eye problems span a spectrum. We’ve got problems that affect immediate vision, like nearsightedness or farsightedness. We’ve got significant concerns like glaucoma and cataracts. And then, we have a few very common eye problems that we don’t talk about very often. Well, today we’re going to. The more we all know about the symptoms of eye problems, the better we are at avoiding and overcoming them.
Maybe you’ve never heard this term, conjunctivitis. It’s a word your doctor uses when diagnosing what you may know as pink eye. Conjunctivitis is the inflammation of the conjunctiva tissue in the eye. In many cases, this problem does not require immediate treatment by an eye doctor. It does need care, though. If you experience the symptoms of pink eye, which include itching, redness, excessive watering, and a thick discharge from the eye, try to soothe inflammation by inserting eye drops to keep the surface of the eye lubricated and to wash away debris. Also, apply cool compresses throughout the day to ease symptoms. Take care not to touch the applicator tip of the eye drop bottle to the eye, as this can spread bacteria. Wash compresses thoroughly between uses. If symptoms persist or fever develops, see a doctor for appropriate antibiotic treatment.
Sties don’t occur as often as pink eye, but they are considered a common eye condition. A stye is a bump that develops when an eyelash follicle gets clogged with oil. The resulting bump may hurt and cause the eyelid to look red. The eye may tear excessively or hurt. Finally, the skin around the affected eyelash may look crusty. The bump should not be squeezed, this could send bacteria into the eye, where infection could develop. Instead, a warm compress can be placed on the eye to help dissolve oil and reduce the bump. If this home remedy does not work, a doctor may prescribe an antibiotic ointment to apply around the clogged eyelash follicle.
The cornea is an important part of the eye that covers the lens and iris. We see the cornea as the clear front surface that sits in front of the colored area of tissue. The cornea can get scratched when something gets in the eye. This could be a speck of dust, a hair, or a particle of sand or debris. When a foreign object enters the eye, the eyelids instinctively close. This rubs the object along the cornea, potentially leading to a notable scratch. A corneal abrasion can cause pain, excessive tearing, redness, and a gritty sensation. After gently flushing the eye with water, it is good to sit or lie with the eye closed for as long as possible after feeling a scratch. If symptoms do not improve or are severe, an ophthalmic exam should be performed. Antibiotic drops may be needed to help the eye heal.
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